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Contact Us

Our primary offices are located at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, PA.

Duquesne University

Small Business Development Center

108 Rockwell Hall

600 Forbes Ave

Pittsburgh, PA 15282-0103

 

For Inquries:

duqsbdc@duq.edu

 

Brent Rondon

Manager, Global Business Program

(412) 396-5670

rondon@duq.edu

 

Megan Thompson

Research Assistant, Global Business Program

(412) 396-1635

thomps35@duq.edu

 

 

Geography

 

Location:

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Area:

Total – 1,285,216 sq km

Comparison to the world – 20

Land – 1,279,996 sq km

Water – 5,220 sq km

Boundaries:

                   Total – 7,461 km

Border countries – Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1,800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km

Climate:

Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes

Natural Resources:

Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Natural Hazards:

Earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

 

Population and Society

 

Size: 30,147,935 (July 2014 est.)

Comparison to World – 43

Major urban areas:

          LIMA (capital) – 9.13 million

          Arequipa – 804,000 (2011 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

          Amerindian 45%

Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%

White 15%

Black, Japanese, Chinese, Other 3%

Languages:

          Spanish (official) – 84.1%

Quechua (official) 13%

Aymara (official) 1.7%

Ashaninka 0.3%

Other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%

Other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%

(2007 est.)

Literacy:

          Age 15 and over can read and write

          Total population – 89.6%

Unemployment (youth ages 15-24):

          Total – 9.5%

          Comparison to the world – 111

 

Government

 

Capital:

          Lima

Time difference:

          UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Independence Day:

          July 28, 1821 (from Spain)

Legal System:

          Civil law system

Executive Branch:

          President – Ollanta Humala Tasso (since 28 July 2011)

First Vice President – Marisol ESPINOZA Cruz (since 28 July 2011)

Second Vice President – Vacant

Cabinet – Council of Ministers appointed by the president

Elections:

President elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for nonconsecutive reelection); presidential election last held on April 10, 2011 with run-off election held on June 6, 2011 (next to be held in April 2016)

 

Economy

 

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity): $344 billion (2013 est.)

Comparison to the World: 40

GDP growth rate:

5.1 % (2013 est.)

GDP (goods and services):

Exports – 24.4%

Imports – -24.7% (2013 est.)

GDP composition by sector of origin:

          Agriculture – 6.2%

          Industry – 37.5%

          Services – 56.3% (2013 est.)

Agricultural Products:

Asparagus, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, palm oil, marigold, onion, wheat, dry beans; poultry, beef, pork, dairy products; guinea pigs; fish

Industries:

Mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture

Industrial Production Growth Rate:

          5% (2013 est.)

Unemployment Rate:

          3.6% (2012 est.)

Budget:

Revenues – $60.95 billion

Expenditures – $58.91 billion (2013 est.)

Exports:

          Revenue – $41.48 billion (2013 est.)

Commodities – Copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys

Partners – China 19.9%, US 15.7%, Canada 9.5%, Japan 6.6%, Spain 5.2%, Chile 4.9% (2012)

Imports:

Revenue – $42.13 billion (2013 est.)

Commodities – Petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, color TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines

Partners – US 24.6%, China 14%, Brazil 6.4%, Argentina 5%, Chile 4.8%, Colombia 4.2%, Ecuador 4.1%, Mexico 4% (2012)

 

Energy

 

Electricity:

          Production – 38.4 billion kWh (2012 est.)

          Consumption – 34.25 billion kWh (2011 est.)

          Exports – 112 million kWh (2010 est.)

          Imports – 0 kWh (2012 est.)

Crude Oil:

          Production – 160,000 bbl/day (2012 est.)

   Comparison to the world: 43

Exports – 15,610 bbl/day (2012 est.)

   Comparison to the world: 57

          Imports – 99,590 bbl/day (2012 est.)

                                Comparison to the world: 50

Proved reserves – 579.2 million bbl (January 1, 2013 est.)

   Comparison to the world: 49

Refined Petroleum Products:

          Production – 159,500 bbl/day (2012 est.)

    Comparison to the world: 60

          Exports – 82,080 bbl/day (2012 est.)

        Comparison to the world: 48

Imports – 43,480 bbl/day (2012 est.)

        Comparison to the world: 75

Natural Gas:

          Production – 32.4 billion cu m (2012)

   Comparison to the world: 28

Exports – 8.73 billion cu m (2012 est.)

   Comparison to the world: 29

          Imports – 0 cu m (2012)

   Comparison to the world: 114

          Proved Reserves – 359.6 billion cu m (January 1, 2013 est.)

                                Comparison to the world: 38

 

 

Transportation

 

Airports – 191 (2013)

          Comparison to the world: 30

          With paved runways: 59

          With unpaved runways: 132

Heliports – 5 (2013)

Pipelines –

          Extra Heavy Crude: 786 km

Gas: 1,526 km

Liquid Petroleum Gas: 679 km

Oil: 1,033 km

Refined products: 15 km (2013)

Railways –

          Total: 1,907 km

          Comparison to the World: 74

Roadways –

          Total: 140,672 km (of which 18,698 km are paved)

          Comparison to the world: 35

Waterways –

8,808 km (there are 8,600 km of navigable tributaries on the Amazon system and 208 km on Lago Titicaca) (2011)

Ports and Terminals –

Major seaport(s): Callao, Matarani, Paita

River port(s): Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas (Amazon)

Oil/gas terminal(s): Conchan oil terminal, La Pampilla oil terminal         

Container port(s) (TEUs): Callao (1,616,365)